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Li-neurological Studies on Porn Use

Bo-rasaense ba 'nile ba sebelisa li-neurological ho sheba liphello tsa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ba sebelisa lisebelisoa tse kang fMRI, MRI le EEG. Ba boetse ba bōpile li-neuro-endocrine le lithuto tsa neuro-pyschological. Leqhepe lena le fetotsoe ho tloha Yourbrainonporn.com. Ka kopo etela Yourbrainonporn.com haeba o batla boitsebiso bo eketsehileng bo tebileng ka lipatlisiso tsa moraorao ho liphello tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li sebelisa.

Lithuto tsa kelello ka tlase li aroloa ka litsela tse peli. Taba ea pele ka boko bo amanang le lithethefatsi bo fetola e mong le e mong ho tlaleha Ka tlase moo lithuto tse tšoanang li thathamisitsoe ka letsatsi la ho hatisoa, ka likarolo tse qaqileng le litlhaloso.

Lists ka phetoho ea boko bo amanang le lithethefatsi: Liphetoho tse 'nè tse khōlō tsa boko tse bakoang ke ho lemala li hlalositsoe ke George F. Koob 'me Nora D. Volkow ka tlhahlobo ea bona e ikhethang. Koob ke Mookameli oa Setsi sa Sechaba ka Tlhekefetso ea Joala le Tahi (NIAAA), 'me Volkow ke mookameli oa Setsi sa Sechaba sa Tlhekefetso ea Meriana (NIDA). E ile ea hatisoa New England Journal of Medicine: Tsoelo-pele ea Neurobiologic ho tswa ho Bothata ba Bokooa Tlhahlobo ea Boitšoaro (2016). Leqephe lena le hlalosa liphetoho tse kholo tsa boko li amehang ka lithethefatsi le litloaelo tsa boitšoaro, ha li bua serapeng sa eona sa ho qala hore ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ho teng:

"Re etsa qeto ea hore li-neuroscience li tsoela pele ho tšehetsa mohlala oa lefu la bokooa. Lipatlisiso tsa kelello sebakeng sena ha li fane feela ka menyetla e mecha ea ho thibela le ho phekola lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi le mekhoa e amanang le boitšoaro (mohlala, ho lijo, ho kopanela liphate, le papali ea chelete) .... "

Pampiri ea Volkow le Koob e hlalositse liphetoho tse 'nè tsa motheo tse lemalloang ke boko, e leng: 1) Sensitization, 2) Ho hlaseloa ha maikutlo, 3) Libaka tse sa sebetsaneng tsa lipotoloho (boikaketsi), 4) Tsamaiso ea khatello ea kelello e sa sebetseng. Bohle ba 4 ba liphetoho tsena tsa boko bo fumanoe har'a lithuto tse ngata tsa kelello tse thathamisitsoeng leqepheng lena:

  • Litlaleho tsa liphuputso ho hlohlelletsa (cue-reactivity & cravings) ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa / thobalano: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21.
  • Litlaleho tsa liphuputso ho hloka boithati kapa tloaelo (e leng ho fella ka ho mamelleha) bathong ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa / ho kopanela liphate: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
  • Liphuputso tse tlalehoang boemong bo bobebe bo sebetsang (boikaketsi) kapa ts'ebetsong ea li-prefrontal ho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa / ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14.
  • Liphuputso tse bontšang a khatello ea maikutlo e sa sebetseng ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa / ho kopanela liphate: 1, 2, 3.

Lists ka letsatsi la ho hatisoa: Lenane le latelang le na le liphuputso tsohle tsa manonyeletso tse hatisitsoeng ho basebelisi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate. Thuto ka 'ngoe e thathamisitsoeng ka tlase e tsamaisana le tlhaloso kapa excerpt, mme e bontša hore na liphetoho tsa bokooa ba 4 tse amanang le lithethefatsi li sa tsoa tšohla liphihlelo tsa tsona li lumella:

1) Phuputso ea pele ea liketso tsa Impulsive le Neuroanatomical tsa boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate (Miner et al., 2009) - [lipotoloho tse sa sebetsaneng tsa boipheliso / mosebetsi o boemong bo futsanehileng] - tlhahlobo ea fMRI e amanang haholo le ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate. Litlaleho tsa thuto li fana ka boits'oaro bo bongata bo se nang boikaketsi mosebetsing oa Go-NoGo ho ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate (hypersexuals) ha bapisoa le barupeluoa ba laola. Boitsebiso ba bongobo bo senola hore ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ha hoa ka ha hlophisa bothata bo botle ba prefrontal cortex ha bo bapisoa le taolo. Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Ho phaella ho mehato e boletsoeng ka holimo, basebeletsi ba CSB ba boetse ba bontšitse ho se ts'oanelehe haholo mosebetsing oa boitsoaro, mokhoa oa ho ea No-No o tsamaeang.

Liphello li boetse li bonts'a hore bakuli ba CSB ba bontšitse ka holimo haholo boemo bo phahameng ba sebaka se ka pele se bolela ho fapana hoa (MD) ho feta taolo. Tlhahlobo e kopanetsoeng e bontšitse likamano tse bohlokoa pakeng tsa mekhoa ea ho se nke boikutlo le mekhoa e tlase ea tšireletso ea li-anisotrophy (FA) le MD, empa ha ho mekhatlo e nang le litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa naha. Liphuputso tse joalo li bontšitse botsoalle bo bobe bo teng pakeng tsa MD le litekanyetso tse kholo tsa boitšoaro ba ho kopanela liphate.

2) Ho se tšoane ho tlalehiloeng ka boithati ka mekhoa ea boits'oaro ba tsamaiso le boitšoaro ba ho kopanela liphate ho batho ba nang le mehlala ea mokuli le sechabeng (Reid et al., 2010) - [mosebetsi o bobebe oa bolaoli] - Ntho e hlalosang:

Bakuli ba batlang thuso bakeng sa boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ba atisa ho bonahatsa litšobotsi tsa ho se tsotelle, ho tsitsisa maikutlo, ho se utloisise hantle, ho lahleheloa ke melao ea maikutlo, le ho ameha haholo ka thobalano. Tse ling tsa litšoaneleho tsena li boetse li tloaelehile har'a bakuli ba nang le mafu a meriana a amanang le ho se sebetse ha molao. Liphuputso tsena li entse hore lipatlisiso tsa morao-rao pakeng tsa sehlopha sa bakuli ba hypersexual (n = 87) le sebopeho sa sechaba sa batho ba sa amaneng le maikutlo (n = 92) sa banna ba sebelisang Boits'oaro ba Boitsebiso ba Boits'oaro ba Boikarabello ba Function-Adult Version Hypersexual se ne se kopantsoe hantle ka likarolo tsa lefats'e tsa ho se sebetse ka molao le likarolo tse ngata tsa li-BRIEF-A. Liphuputso tsena li fane ka bopaki ba pele bo tšehetsa khopolo ea hore ho se sebetse ha molao ho ka 'na ha e-ba le tšebetso ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng.

3) Ho sheba Litšoantšo tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Porn Porn Inthaneteng: Karolo ea Litlhahlobo Tsa ho Kopanela Liphate Tsa ho Kopanela Liphate le Matšoao a Maiketsetso-Matšoao a Maiketsetso Bakeng sa ho Sebelisa Litšebelisano Tsa ho Kopanela Liphate Tsa Inthanete ka ho Fetisisa (Brand et al., 2011) - [litakatso tse kholo / ts'ebeliso e matla le bolaoli bo futsanehileng] - Ntho e hlalosang:

Liphello li bontša hore mathata a boits'oaro ba bophelo ba letsatsi le leng le le leng a amanang le liketso tsa ho kopanela liphate ka marang-rang a ne a boleloa ka likamano tsa ho kopanela liphate tse tsosang takatso ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate, ha nako eo e sebelisitsoeng ho libaka tsa ho kopanela liphate Inthaneteng (metsotso ka letsatsi) ha ea ka ea kenya letsoho ho hlalosang phapang pakeng tsa likarolo tsa IATsex. Re bona ho tšoana ho teng pakeng tsa mekhoa ea kutloisiso ea bokooa le ea boko e ka tlatsetsang ho boloka li-cybersex tse feteletseng le tse hlalosoang ho batho ba nang le ts'oaetso ea lithethefatsi.

4) Litšoantšo tse litšila tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tse sebetsanang le ho sebetsa ka mokhoa oa ho sebetsa (Laier et al., 2013) - [litakatso tse kholo / ts'ebeliso e matla le bolaoli bo futsanehileng] - Ntho e hlalosang:

Batho ba bang ba tlaleha mathata nakong ea kamano ea thobalano le kamora 'marang-rang, joalo ka ho se robale le ho lebala likhetho, tse amanang le liphello tse mpe tsa bophelo. Mokhoa o mong o ka lebisang mefuteng ena ea mathata ke hore ho tsosoa ha thobalano nakong ea thobalano ea Inthanete ho ka kena-kenana le matla a ho boloka mohopolo (WM), e leng se fellang ka ho hlokomoloha tlhahisoleseding e nepahetseng ea tikoloho mme kahoo ho etsa liqeto tse mpe. Lipatlisiso li senola bobebe ba WM boemong ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba mosebetsi oa 4-khutla ha o bapisoa le maemo a mararo a setšoantšo. Liphuputso li tšohloa mabapi le lithethefatsi tsa Inthanete hobane ho kena-kenana ha WM le litsebi tse amanang le lithethefatsi li tsejoa haholo ho tsoa mekhatlong ea lithethefatsi.

5) Likamano tsa ho kopanya liphate tsa ho kopanela liphate ka ho etsa liqeto ka tlase-ntle (Laier et al., 2013) - [litakatso tse kholo / ts'ebeliso e matla le bolaoli bo futsanehileng] - Ntho e hlalosang:

Mosebetsi oa ho etsa liqeto o ne o le bobebe ha litšoantšo tsa thobalano li ne li amahanngoa le likarolo tse kotsi tsa karete ha li bapisoa le ts'ebetso ea ha litšoantšo tsa thobalano li ne li amana le mekotla ea bohlokoa. Ho tsosoa ka thobalano ka thobalano ho lekanya kamano pakeng tsa maemo a mosebetsi le ho etsa liqeto. Phuputso ena e hatelitse hore ho tsosoa ha thobalano ho sitisa ho etsa liqeto, e leng se ka hlalosang hore na ke hobane'ng ha batho ba bang ba e-ba le liphello tse mpe ho latela taba ea ho sebelisa li-cybersex.

6) Lefu la Cybersex: Ho tsosoa takatso ea ho kopanela liphate ha motho a shebeletse litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, eseng ho kopanela liphate le batho ba bang ho etsa phapang (Laier et al., 2013) - [litakatso tse kholo / ts'ebeliso e matla le bolaoli bo futsanehileng] - Ntho e hlalosang:

Liphello li bontša hore lits'oants'o tsa ho kopanela liphate li tsosoa le ho lakatsa ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa Inthaneteng mekhoa e boletsoeng esale pele ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa thobalano nakong ea thuto ea pele. Ho feta moo, ho ile ha bontšoa hore basebelisi ba nang le bothata ba ho kopanela liphate ka Inthaneteng ba tlaleha ho tsosa takatso e matla ea ho kopanela liphate le ho labalabela ho itšoara ka lebaka la litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Liphuputsong tsena ka bobeli, palo le boleng bo nang le boits'oaro ba ho kopanela liphate bophelong ba sebele bo ne bo sa kopane le ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa thobalano. Liphello li tšehetsa khopolo ea ho khotsofatsa, e leng ho qalang ho matlafatsa, ho ithuta mekhoa, le ho lakatsa ho ba le mekhoa e nepahetseng ho nts'etsopele le ho lokisoa ha lithethefatsi tsa litaba tsa thobalano. Batho ba futsanehileng kapa ba sa khotsofatsang mabitso a bophelo ba ho kopanela liphate ba ke ke ba hlalosetsa ka mokhoa o lekaneng hore na lithethefatsi tsa Inthanete li lemalla hakae

7) Takatso ea ho kopanela liphate, eseng bosodoma, e amana le likarabo tsa li-neurophysiological tse hlalositsoeng ke litšoantšo tsa thobalano (Steele et al., 2013) - [ho tseba ho hongata ho hoholo-ts'ebetsong ho amanang le takatso e fokolang ea ho kopanela liphate: ts'ehetso le tloaelo] - Thuto ena ea EEG e fihlile mecheng ea litaba e le bopaki khahlanong le boteng ba ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ho kopanela liphate Ha ho joalo. Steele et al. 2013 ha e le hantle e fana ka ts'ehetso ea ho ba teng ha lithethefatsi tse hlephisang boitšoaro le litšoantšo tse hlephisang boitšoaro li sebelisa ho laola takatso ea thobalano. Joang joale? Phuputso e ile ea tlaleha litlaleho tse phahameng tsa EEG (ho amana le litšoantšo tse sa nke lehlakore) ha lihlooho li ne li pepesitsoe lifoto tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Liphuputso li bontša khafetsa hore P300 e phahameng e etsahala ha batho ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi ba pepesehela litšoantšo (tse kang litšoantšo) tse amanang le tahi ea bona.

Tumellanong le Boko ba Univesithi ea Cambridge bo hlahloba lithuto, phuputso ena ea EEG e boetse e tlaleha hore ho na le ho hoholoanyane ho ts'oanelang ho kopanela liphate ho amanang le takatso e fokolang ea thobalano. Ho beha ka tsela e 'ngoe - batho ba nang le bokooa bo eketsehileng ba ho kopanela liphate ba ka rata ho ikhotsofatsa ho feta ho kopanela liphate le motho oa sebele. Ho makatsa, 'muelli oa thuto Nicole Prause a bolela hore ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba mpa ba e-na le "libido e phahameng," leha ho le joalo liphello tsa thuto li re e fapaneng ka ho toba (takatso ea lihlooho tsa thobalano e kopanetsoeng e ne e theoha ho amanang le tšebeliso ea bona ea litšoantšo).

Hammoho tsena tse peli Steele et al. Lipatlisiso li bontša hore ho na le mosebetsi o moholo oa bokooa (litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro), leha ho le joalo ho fokotsa likarolo tsa tlhaho (thobalano le motho). Ka bobeli ke matšoao a ho lemala. Litokomane tse tšeletseng tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka li hlalosa 'nete: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Hape sheba sena YBOP e batsi haholo.

Ntle le litlaleho tse ngata tse sa tšehetsoang mochine oa khatiso, hoa khathatsa hore thuto ea Practitioner ea 2013 EGG e fetisitse tlhahlobo ea lithaka, kaha e ne e e-na le mathata a tebileng a litsela: 1) lihlooho li ne li le teng ho sa tšoanehe (banna, basali, bao e seng litho tsa botona kapa botšehali);; 2) lihlooho li ne li le teng ha e hlahlojoe ke mathata a kelello kapa lithethefatsi;; Thuto ea 3) e ne e le ha ho sehlopha sa taolo sa ho bapisa;; 4) lipotso tsa lipotso li ne li le teng e sa tiisetsoe bakeng sa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa ho lemalla bokhoba.

8) Matla a Bokooa le ho Sebelisana ka Mosebetsi Ho Kopantsoe le Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tšebeliso: Bokooa bo Hlahang (Kuhn & Gallinat, 2014) - [ts'oaetso, tloaelo, le lipotoloho tse se nang thuso]. Lenaneo lena la Max Planck Institute la fMRI le tlaleha hore litho tsa 3 tsa methapo ea kutlo li tsamaisana le maemo a phahameng a ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse hlephisang boitšoaro: (1) tlaase ho moputso o mongata (dorsal striatum), (2) e seng moputso oa potoloho ea potoloho ha ho sheba lifoto tsa thobalano, (3). pakeng tsa dorsal striatum le dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Bafuputsi ba hlalosa liphetoho tsa 3 e le pontšo ea liphello tsa nako e telele ea ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Phuputso eo e itse,

Sena se lumellana le khopolo-taba ea hore ho pepeseha ho hoholo litabeng tsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho fella ka ho theola-taolo ea moelelo oa tlhaho oa mahlahahlaha oa tlhaho ho sepheo sa thobalano.

Ha a hlalosa ho sebelisana ho futsanehileng pakeng tsa PFC le statum thuto eo e itse,

Ho se sebetse ha potoloho ena ho amana le khetho e sa nepahalang ea boitšoaro, e kang ho batla lithethefatsi, ho sa tsotellehe hore na ho ka ba le liphello tse mpe hakae

Mongoli oa Moeta-pele Simone Kühn o ile a bua ka puo ea phatlalatso ea Max Planck:

Re nka hore litaba tse nang le litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li hloka ho tsosolosoa ho eketsehileng ho amohela moputso o lekanang. Seo se ka bolela hore ts'ebeliso ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro kamehla e senya tsamaiso ea hau ea moputso. Seo se ne se tla lumellana hantle le khopolo ea hore mekhatlo ea bona ea moputso e hloka ho tsosolosoa.

9) Li-Neural Correlates tsa Liketso Tsa ho Kopanela Liphate Tsa Batho ba Kopanetsoeng ka ho Kopanela Liphate ho Batho ba nang le mekhoa ea ho kopanela liphate le ba se nang boikaketsi (Voon et al., 2014) - [sensitization / cue-reactivity le deensitization] Ea pele letotong la liphuputso tsa Univesithing ea Cambridge o fumane mokhoa o tšoanang oa boits'oaro ba bokooa bo hlephileng ba batho ba ts'oanang le bootsoa (lihlooho tsa CSB) joalokaha ho bonoa ke batho ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi le lino tse tahang - e leng ho ts'oaroa haholoanyane kapa ho matlafatsoa. Mofuputsi oa Moeta-pele Valerie Voon O itse:

Ho na le phapang e hlakileng ea liketso tsa boko pakeng tsa bakuli ba nang le boitšoaro ba ho kopanela liphate le baithaopi ba phetseng hantle. Phapang ena e tšoana le ea ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi.

Voon et al., 2014 le eona e fumane hore batho ba lemaletseng lit soant so tsa bootsoa ba tšoaneloa mohlala o amohelehang oa lithethefatsi ea ho batla "eona" ho feta, empa e sa rate "eona" hape. Tlhaloso:

Ha li bapisoa le baithaopi ba phetseng hantle, lihlooho tsa CSB li ne li e-na le takatso e matla ea ho kopanela liphate kapa e batlang ho hlahisa lipolelo tse hlakileng le ho ba le likarolo tse kholo ka ho fetisisa ho likarolo tse tsosang takatso, e leng se bontšang ho khetholla pakeng tsa ho batla le ho rata

Bafuputsi ba boetse ba tlaleha hore litaba tsa 60% (batho ba lilemo li lekanang: 25) li na le bothata ba ho finyella litšebeletso / ho tsosoa le balekane ba sebele, leha ho le joalo li ka finyella litlhaloso tse amanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Sena se bontša ho hlohlelletsa kapa ho tloaela. Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Lihlooho tsa CSB li tlalehile hore ka lebaka la tšebeliso e feteletseng ea thepa ea ho kopanela liphate ... .. e nang le phihlelo e fokotsehileng ea libido kapa mosebetsi oa erectile haholo-holo kamanong ea bona le basali (le hoja e se kamano le lintho tse hlalosang thobalano) ...

Lihlooho tsa CSB ha li bapisoa le baithaopi ba phetseng hantle li bile le bothata bo tebileng ka ho tsosoa ha thobalano le ho ba le mathata a mangata a erectile likamano tsa botona le botšehali tse atamelaneng empa eseng lihlahisoa tse hlalosang thobalano.

10) Ho ntlafatsa mekhoa ea ho ela hloko likamano tsa ho kopanela liphate ho Batho ba nang le mekhoa ea ho kopanela liphate le ba se nang boikaketsi (Mechelmans et al., 2014) - [sensitization / cue-reactivity] - Thuto ea bobeli ea Univesithi ea Cambridge. Tlhaloso:

Lintho tsa rona tse fumanoang ka ho hlaka ho hohelang ... ho fana ka maikutlo a ho khoneha ho tlōla mekhoa e tsitsitseng ea tlhokomelo e fumanoang liphuputsong tsa lithethefatsi litabeng tsa lithethefatsi. Liphuputso tsena li lumellana le liphuputso tsa morao-rao tsa mekhoa e metle ea liketso tsa ho kopanela liphate ho batho ba [ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate] inthaneteng e tšoanang le e amehang lithutong tsa lithethefatsi-reactivity le ho fana ka ts'ehetso bakeng sa khothatso ea khopolo ea ho lemala e thehiloeng karabong ea thobalano [ litlolo tsa bootsoa]. Tlhaloso ena e bua ka litlaleho tsa rona tsa morao-rao hore livideo tse hlalosang thobalano li amana le mosebetsi o moholoanyane marangrang a neural e tšoanang le a fumanoang lithutong tsa lithethefatsi-cec-reactivity. Takatso e kholo kapa ho batla ho e-na le ho e rata e ne e kopanyelitsoe ho feta le ts'ebetsong ea marang-rang ana a neural. Lithuto tsena hammoho li fana ka ts'ehetso bakeng sa khothatso ea khothatso ea ho lemalla ho lemalla likamano tsa thobalano ho CSB.

11) Bokhoba ba Cybersex ba sebelisang basali ba bong bo fapaneng ba ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li ka hlalosoa ka ho khotsofatsa maikutlo (Laier et al., 2014) - [litakatso tse kholo / ts'oaetso] - Ntho e hlahang:

Re ile ra hlahloba basebelisi ba 51 ba IPU le ba nang le 51 basali ba sa amaneng le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (NIPU). Re sebelisa lipotso tsa lipotso, re hlahlobile ho teba ha lithethefatsi tsa litaba tsa ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa thobalano ka kakaretso, hammoho le tšusumetso ea ho tsosoa ha thobalano, boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate le ho tiea ha matšoao a kelello. Ho phaella moo, paradigm ea liteko, ho kenyeletsa le palo ea ho tsosoa ha litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa 100, hammoho le matšoao a ho lakatsa, e ile ea etsoa. Lipatlisiso li bontšitse hore IPU e bontšitse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e tsositse haholo ebile e tlaleha takatso e kholo ea tlhahiso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e bapisoa le NIPU. Ho feta moo, takatso ea ho kopanela liphate ho tsosoa ha litšoantšo, kutloisiso ea litakatso tsa thobalano, boitšoaro bo bobe ba likamano tsa botona le botšehali le ho tiea ha matšoao a kelello ho boletsoe mekhoa ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ba bang Inthaneteng ho IPU. Ho ba kamanong, palo ea batho ba kopanelang liphate, khotsofalo le batho ba kopanelang liphate, le tšebeliso ea ho kopanela liphate le ba bang ba ts'ebetsong ha ba kopane le lithethefatsi tsa thelevishene. Liphetho tsena li lumellane le tse tlalehiloeng bakeng sa banna ba bong bo fapaneng liphuputsong tsa pele. Lintho tse fumanoang mabapi le ho matlafatsa ts'ebeliso ea ho kopanela liphate, mokhoa oa ho ithuta, le karolo ea ho ts'oanela ho tsuba le ho lakatsa ho ts'oanela ho lemalla li-inthanete ho IPU ho hlokahala ho tšohloa.

12) Boikarabello ba Bopaki le Tlhahlobo ea Theory ka Lintlha Tse Etsang Hore ho be le Tšebeliso ea ho Kopanela Liphate ka Tšebelisano le Boikutlo ba ho Kopanela Liphate ka Tšebelisano le Maikutlo a Maikutlo a Maikutlo (Laier et al., 2014) - [litakatso tse kholo / ts'oaetso] - Ntho e hlahang:

Mofuta oa ntho e tloaelehileng eo hangata e bitsoang ho lemalla ho lemalla li-cybersex (CA) le mekhoa ea eona ea tsoelo-pele e tšohloa. Mosebetsi o fetileng o fana ka maikutlo a hore batho ba bang ba ka ba kotsing ea CA, athe ts'ebetso e ntle ea ho matlafatsa le ho tseba-ts'ebetso e nkoa e le mekhoa ea motheo ea nts'etsopele ea CA. Phuputsong ena, banna ba 155 ba bong bo fapaneng ba ile ba lekanya litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba 100 'me ba bontša tsoelo-pele ea bona ea ho kopanela liphate. Ho feta moo, litloaelo tsa CA, ho utloahala ho tsitsitseng thobalano, le tšebeliso e sa sebetsang ea thobalano ka kakaretso li ile tsa hlahlojoa. Liphello tsa lipatlisiso li bontša hore ho na le lisosa tsa ts'oaetso ea CA le ho fana ka bopaki ba karolo ea ho khotsofatsa thobalano le ho sebetsana ka tsela e sa sebetseng ho nts'etsopele ea CA.

13) Mokhoa o sa tloaelehang, ho sebetsana le maemo le ho ela hloko meputso ea thobalano (Banca et al., 2015) - [litakatso tse kholo / ts'ehetso e tloaelehileng / tloaelo / ts'oaetso] - Tlhahlobo e 'ngoe ea Cambridge University fMRI. Ho bapisoa le taolo ea bohloeki ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​ba khetha mokhoa o motle oa ho kopanela liphate le litšoantšo tse amanang le bootsoa. Leha ho le joalo, boko ba litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea ho kopanela liphate bo lemalla ho tloaela ho etsa litšoantšo tsa thobalano. Kaha ho rata lintho tse sa tloaelehang ha hoa ka ha e-ba teng pele, ho lumeloa hore lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa li khanna motho ea batlang mokhoa o mocha ka boiteko ba ho hlōla tloaelo le ho fokotsa ts'oaetso.

Boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate (CSB) bo ne bo amahanngoa le khethollo e tsitsitseng ea thobalano, ha e bapisoa le ho laola litšoantšo, le ho rata maemo a tloaelehileng bakeng sa litlhahiso tse amanang le likamano tsa botona le botšehali le lichelete ha li bapisoa le baithaopi ba phetseng hantle. Batho ba CSB ba ne ba boetse ba e-na le litlhoko tse ngata tsa ho kopanela litabeng tsa ho kopanela liphate le tsa chelete ka tekanyo ea tloaelo e amanang le likamano tse ntlafetseng tsa thobalano. Ho atamela mekhoa ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ho ferekanngoa le litakatso tsa ho kopanela liphate ho ne ho amahanngoa le litšoantšo tsa thobalano. Phuputso ena e bonts'a hore batho ba CSB ba na le khetho e sa sebetsaneng ea ts'ebetso ea ho kopanela liphate e ka 'nang ea kopanngoa le kholo e kholo ea tloaelo ea ho kopanela liphate hammoho le ho ntlafatsoa ka mokhoa o tloaelehileng oa boemo ba ho fumana meputso.

Tlhaloso ho tsoa tokomaneng e amanang le eona:

Ba fumane hore ha ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate ba ne ba sheba setšoantšo se tšoanang sa thobalano hangata, ha ba bapisoa le baithaopi ba phetseng hantle ba kileng ba fokotseha haholoanyane sebakeng sa boko bo tsejoang e le ho qeta mekhoa e metle ea lik'hemik'hale, tse tsejoang hore li ameha ka ho lebella meputso le ho arabela liketsahalo tse ncha. Sena se lumellana le 'habituation', moo meriana e fumanoang e le ts'ebetso e ts'oanang le e nyane - ka mohlala, senoa sa kofi a ka fumana k'hafeine 'buzz' senoelong sa bona sa pele, empa ha nako e ntse e feta ba noa haholo kofi, e nyenyane buzz e fetoha.

Ts'ebetso ena e tloaelehileng e etsahala ho banna ba phetseng hantle ba bontšoang khafetsa video e le 'ngoe ea bootsoa. Empa ha ba sheba video e ncha, boemo ba thahasello le ho tsosoa bo khutlela moemong oa pele. Sena se bolela hore, ho thibela tloaelo, motho ea lemaletseng thobalano o tla hloka ho fumana litšoantšo tse ncha khafetsa. Ka mantsoe a mang, tloaelo e ka etsa hore ho batloe litšoantšo tse ncha.

"Lintho tseo re li fumaneng li bohlokoa haholo tabeng ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa inthaneteng," a phaella ka Dr Voon. "Ha ho hlakile hore na ke eng e etsang hore motho a be le bothata ba ho kopanela liphate pele ho batho ba bang, mme ho ka etsahala hore batho ba bang ba be le lithethefatsi tse ngata ho feta tse ling, ho thata haholo ho baleha. "

14) Mekhoa ea Neural ea Takatso ea Thobalano ho Batho ba nang le Bothata ba ho Kopanela Liphate (Hypersexual Behavior)Seok & Sohn, 2015) - [ts'ebetso e kholo ea ts'ebetso ea ts'ebetso / ts'ebetso ea maqhubu le li-circuits tse sa sebetseng]. - Phuputso ena ea Korea ea fMRI e hlalosang lithuto tse ling tsa bokooa ho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Joalo ea Univesithi ea Cambridge e fumanoe e fumane mekhoa ea bokooa ba bokooa ba ho kopanela liphate, e neng e tšoantšetsa mekhoa ea batho ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi. Tumellanong le lipatlisiso tse 'maloa tsa Sejeremane li fumane liphetoho karolong ea prefrontal cortex e lumellanang le liphetoho tse boletsoeng lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi. Ntho e ncha ke hore lintho tse fumanoeng li fapane le mekhoa ea ts'ebetso ea prefrontal cortex e hlokometsoeng lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi: Ho tsebahala ho hoholo-ho etsa litšoantšo ho kopanela liphate ho ntse ho thibela likarabo tse ling tse sa tloaelehang. Tlhaloso:

Thuto ea rona e ne e ikemiselitse ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa li-neural correlates tsa takatso ea ho kopanela liphate le litšoantšo tse amanang le liketsahalo tse amanang le khanya ea matla a motlakase (fMRI). Batho ba mashome a mabeli a metso e meraro ba nang le lisebelisoa tse phelisang tsa bophelo ba PHB le 22 ba ile ba hlahlojoa ha ba ntse ba sheba maikutlo a ho kopanela liphate le ba bong bo fokolang. Litlhoko tsa litakatso tsa thobalano li ile tsa hlahlojoa ha li arabela tšusumetsong e 'ngoe le e' ngoe ea thobalano. Mabapi le taolo, batho ba nang le PHB ba ne ba e-na le takatso ea ho kopanela liphate khafetsa le ho ntlafatsoa nakong ea ho pepeseha tšusumetso ea thobalano. Ts'ebetso e kholo e ne e bonoa ka nucleus e ka tlaase, e nang le litebelisoa tse fokolang tsa parietal, tse kentsoeng ka pele ho tse ling tsa cingulate gyrus, thalamus le dorsolateral prefrontal cortex ho sehlopha sa PHB ho feta sehlopha sa taolo. Ho phaella moo, mekhoa ea tlhaho ea tlhaho ea libaka libakeng tse ts'oetsitsoeng e fapane pakeng tsa lihlopha. Tumellanong le liphuputso tsa lithuto tsa ho nahana ka bokooa tsa lithethefatsi le boitšoaro bo hlephileng, batho ba nang le litšoaneleho tsa boitšoaro ba PHB le takatso e matlafalitsoeng e bonts'itsoe ho etsoa lichabeng tsa prefrontal cortex le subcortical

15) Ho feto-fetoha ha maikutlo a nako e khutšoanyane ea bokhoni bo botle ka litšoantšo tsa thobalano ka bothata ba basebetsi le litsamaiso tse sa lumellaneng le "lithethefatsi tsa bootsoa" (Prause et al., 2015) - [tloaelo] - Ketsahalo ea bobeli ea EEG ho tloha Sehlopha sa Nicole Prause. Phuputso ena e bapisitse litaba tsa 2013 ho tloha Steele et al., 2013 ho sehlopha sa sebele sa taolo (leha ho le joalo se ile sa e-ba le mekhoa e tšoanang ea litsela tse boletsoeng ka holimo). Liphello: Ha li bapisoa le litsamaiso "batho ba nang le mathata a laolang ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bona tsa bootsoa" ba ne ba e-na le likarabo tse fokolang tsa bokooa ka nako e le 'ngoe ho lifoto tsa vanilla tsa bootsoa. The mongoli oa pele e bolela liphello tsena "debunk lithethefatsi tse lemalloang." Ke setsebi sa molao se tummeng se neng se tla bolela hore thuto ea bona e se nang boits'oaro e entse qeto ea tšimo e tsitsitseng ea thuto?

Ha e le hantle, liphuputso tsa Prause et al. 2015 lumellana ka ho phethahetseng le Kühn & GallinaT (2014), e leng ho fumanoang hore litšoantšo tse ling tsa litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso li tsamaisana hantle le ho sebelisoa ha boko bo fokolang ho latela litšoantšo tsa litšoantšo tsa vanilla Prause et al. Liphuputso li boetse li lumellana le Banca et al. 2015 e leng #13 lenaneng lena. Ho feta moo, thuto e 'ngoe ea EEG o fumane hore litšoantšo tse ngata tse ts'oanang tsa bootsoa li sebelisoa ho basali ba amanang le boikokobetso ba bokooa ho feta bootsoa Litemana tsa EEG tse tlaase li bolela hore litaba ha li ele hloko litšoantšo. Ka mantsoe a bonolo, basebelisi ba tloaelehileng ba litšoantšo tse hlephisang boitšoaro ba ne ba laoloa ke litšoantšo tse tsitsitseng tsa vanilla ea bootsoa. Ba ne ba halefile (ba tloaetse kapa ba sa ratehe). Sheba sena YBOP e batsi haholo. Litokomane tse supileng tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka li lumellana hore thuto ena e hlileng e fumanoe e le ts'oaetso / tloaelo ho batho ba sebelisang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (e tsitsitseng le ho lemalla): 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.

16) HPA Axis Dysregulation ho Banna ba Nang le Mathata a Hypersexual (Chatzittofis, 2015) - [ho se sebetsane le khatello ea kelello e sa sebetseng] - Phuputso e nang le ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate le banna ba 67 le litaelo tsa 39 tsa lilemo. Motsoako oa Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) ke setha se seholo karolong ea rona ea khatello ea maikutlo. Litšitiso fetola lipotoloho tsa khatello ea boko e leng se lebisang ho axisisi e sa sebetseng ea HPA. Phuputso ena mabapi le ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate (ho kopanela liphate) e fumanoe e fetotsoe likarabo tsa khatello tse bontšang liphuputso tse nang le lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi. Litlhaloso tse qalang tsa khatiso ea khatiso:

Thuto e ne e amana le banna ba 67 ba nang le lefu la hypersexual le 39 tse laolehileng hantle. Barupeluoa ba ne ba fumanoa ka hloko hore ba na le bothata ba ho tšoaetsanoa ke lefu la ho tšoaetsoa ke lefu le ho tšoaroa ke ho tepella maikutlong kapa ho tsieleha ha bana. Bafuputsi ba ile ba ba fa tekanyo e tlase ea dexamethasone mantsiboeeng a pele ho teko ho thibela phekolo ea bona ea khatello ea maikutlo, 'me hoseng ba lekanya likarolo tsa bona tsa li-hormone tsa khatello ea kelello cortisol le ACTH. Ba fumane hore bakuli ba nang le bothata ba hypersexual ba ne ba e-na le litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa lihomone tse joalo ho feta ho laola bophelo bo botle, phapang e setseng esita le ka mor'a ho laola ho tepella maikutlong le ho tsieleha ha bana.

Moprofesa Jokinen o re: "Mookameli oa khatello ea kelello o 'nile oa bonoa pele ho bakuli ba tepeletseng maikutlo le ba ipolaeang hammoho le batho ba sebelisang hampe hampe." "Lilemong tsa morao tjena, ho tsepamisitse maikutlo ho 'nile ha e-ba hore na ho sithabela ha bana ho ka lebisa tlhokomelong ea mekhoa ea khatello ea' mele ka mokhoa oo ho thoeng ke mekhoa ea epigenetic, ka mantsoe a mang kamoo libaka tsa bona tsa kelello li ka susumetsang liphatsa tsa lefutso tse laolang tsamaiso ena." Ho ea ka bafuputsi, liphello li bontša hore tsamaiso e tšoanang ea neurobiological e amehang ka mofuta o mong oa tlhekefetso e ka sebetsa ho batho ba nang le bothata ba ho hlekefetsoa.

17) Tlhokomelo ea Prefrontal le ho lemalla li-intanete: mokhoa oa thuto ea ho ruta le ho hlahloba liphuputso tsa maikutlo a methapo ea pelo (Brand et al., 2015)- [lipotoloho tse sa sebetsaneng tsa boipheliso / bohloki bo bobebe le ts'ebetso] - Ntho e hlakileng:

Tumellanong le sena, liphello tse tsoang ho ts'ebetso ea kelello ea maikutlo le tse ling tsa lithuto tsa lefu lena li bontša hore cue-reactivity, takatso le ho etsa liqeto ke lintlha tsa bohlokoa tsa ho utloisisa ho lemalla lithethefatsi. Liphuputso tse fokotsoang ho fokotsa taolo ea bolaoli li lumellana le mekhoa e meng ea lits'ilaetso, tse kang ho becha. Li boetse li totobatsa lihlopha tsa ts'ebetso e le ho lemalla, hobane ho boetse ho na le litsela tse ngata tse tšoanang le tse fumanoang ka ho itšetlehile ka lintho tse ngata. Ho feta moo, liphello tsa phuputso ea morao tjena li tšoana le liphuputso tse entsoeng ke lipatlisiso tsa ho itšetleha ka lintho tse ling 'me li hatisa li-analogue pakeng tsa lithethefatsi tsa thelevishene le lits'ebeletso tse ling tsa boitšoaro kapa lithethefatsi tse ling.

18) Mekhatlo e tobileng ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le batho ba ts'oaetsanang le litaba tsa ho kopanela liphate le li-sex-tholloSnagkowski et al., 2015) - [litakatso tse kholo / ts'oaetso] - Ntho e hlakileng:

Liphuputso tsa morao-rao li bontša ho tšoana pakeng tsa ho lemalla lithethefatsi le litaba tsa lithethefatsi le ho hanyetsa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ba bang Inthaneteng e le ho lemalla boitšoaro. Ha motho a itšetlehile ka maemo a mangata, mekhatlo e tsitsitseng e tsejoa ho phetha karolo ea bohlokoa, 'me litloaelano tse joalo ha li e-s'o ithutoe ho lemalla ho lemalla li-cybersex ho fihlela joale. Phuputsong ena ea liteko, barupeluoa ba banna ba 128 ba kopanelang liphate ba ile ba qeta Phatlalatso ea Mokhatlo oa Implicit (IAT; Greenwald, McGhee, & Schwartz, 1998) e fetotsoeng ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ho feta moo, boitšoaro bo bobe ba likamano tsa botona le botšehali, ho ba le kutloisiso tabeng ea ho tsosoa ke thobalano, mekhoa ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa thobalano, le ho lakatsa ho ikemela ka lebaka la ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Liphello li bonts'a likamano tse ntle pakeng tsa mekhatlo e tsitsitseng ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka maikutlo a matle le mekhoa e metle ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ba bang ba liphate le ba bang, boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba likamano tsa botona le botšehali, kutloisiso ea ho khahloa ke thobalano hammoho le takatso ea boithati Ho feta moo, tlhahlobo e tsitsitseng ea khatello ea maikutlo e senotse hore batho ba ileng ba tlaleha litakatso tse phahameng tsa ho ipeha tlaase 'me ba bontša metsoalle e tsitsitseng ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ka maikutlo a matle, haholo-holo a itšetlehile ka ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa thobalano. Liphuputso li bonts'a karolo ea bohlokoa ea litloaelano tse ntle tse nang le litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho nts'etsopele le ho lokisoa ha lithethefatsi tsa cybersex. Ho feta moo, liphello tsa phuputso ea morao tjena li tšoana le liphuputso tse entsoeng ke lipatlisiso tsa ho itšetleha ka lintho tse ling 'me li hatisa li-analogue pakeng tsa lithethefatsi tsa thelevishene le lits'ebeletso tse ling tsa boitšoaro kapa lithethefatsi tse ling.

19) Matšoao a ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate Inthaneteng a ka kopanngoa le bobeli ba atamela le ho qoba tšusumetso ea litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso: liphello ho latela mohlala oa analog oa basebelisi ba kamehla ba inthanete ea Internet (Snagkowski, et al., 2015) - [litakatso tse kholo / ts'oaetso] - Ntho e hlakileng:

Mekhoa e meng e bua ka ho ts'oana le mekhoa e metle eo mekhoa ea ho itšireletsa kapa ea ho qoba ho eona e leng mekhoa ea bohlokoa. Bafuputsi ba 'maloa ba' nile ba pheha khang ea hore nakong ea qeto e amanang le lithethefatsi, batho ba ka 'na ba bontša mekhoa ea ho atamela kapa ho qoba tšusumetso e amanang le lithethefatsi. Phuputsong ea morao-rao 123 banna ba bong bo fapaneng ba ile ba qeta mokhoa oa ho qoba-mosebetsi (AAT; Rinck le Becker, 2007) e fetotsoe ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Nakong ea baithaopi ba AAT ba ne ba tlameha ho sutumelletsa maikutlo a bootsoa kapa ba e hulele ho bona ka thabo. Ho lemoha litakatso tsa thobalano, boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate le mekhoa ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa thobalano ho ile ha hlahlojoa ka lipotso.

Liphello li bontšitse hore batho ba nang le litšekamelo tsa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ba bang Inthaneteng ba ne ba tloaetse ho atamela kapa ho qoba tšusumetso ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Ho phaella moo, lipatlisiso tsa boipiletso bo itekanetseng li senoletse hore batho ba nang le litakatso tse phahameng tsa ho kopanela liphate le boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate ba bontšitseng mekhoa e metle ea ho itšireletsa / ho qoba, ba tlaleha matšoao a phahameng a ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka Inthanete Lintho tse amanang le ho itšetlehile ka lithethefatsi, liphello li bontša hore mekhoa ea bobeli le mekhoa ea ho qoba e ka 'na ea phetha karolo ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le batho ba bang le ba bang. Ho feta moo, ho sebelisana le kutloisiso tabeng ea ho tsosoa ha thobalano le boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate ho ka ba le phello e matla holim'a boima ba litletlebo tse ikhethang bophelong ba letsatsi le leng le le leng ka lebaka la tšebeliso ea inthanete. Liphuputso tsena li fana ka bopaki bo bong bo hlakileng ba ho ts'oana ha lithethefatsi le ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi. Ho tšoana ho joalo ho ka khutlisetsoa ho tšoana le mehaho e tšoanang ea lik'homphieutha le lithethefatsi tse amanang le lithethefatsi.

20) Ho khomarela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa? Ho hlokomoloha kapa ho hlokomoloha litaba tsa ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa thobalano le maemo a mangata ho amana le matšoao a lithethefatsi tsa ho kopanela liphate le ba bang ba libanese (Schiebener et al., 2015) - [litakatso tse kholo / ts'ehetso le bolaoli ba bolaoli bo futsanehileng] - Ntho e hlakileng:

Batho ba bang ba ja litaba tsa ho kopanela liphate ka Inthanete, tse kang litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​ka mokhoa o lemalloang, o lebisang liphellong tse mpe bophelong ba bona kapa mosebetsing. Mokhoa o mong o lebisang liphellong tse mpe o ka fokotsoa ts'ebetso ea taolo ea ts'ebetso holim'a ts'ebetso le boitšoaro bo ka 'nang ba hlokahala ho lemoha ho fetoha ha sepheo pakeng tsa tšebeliso ea cybersex le mesebetsi e meng le boikarabelo ba bophelo. E le hore re rarolle ntlha ena, re ile ra batlisisa barupeluoa ba 104 banna ba nang le paradigm e nang le litekanyetso tse kholo tse nang le lihlopha tse peli: Setho se seng se ne se e-na le litšoantšo tsa batho, setšoantšo se seng se ne se e-na le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ka bobeli li beha litšoantšo hore li behoe ho latela maemo a itseng. Sepheo se hlakileng e ne e le ho sebetsa mesebetsing eohle ea likarolo ho likhakanyo tse lekanang, ka ho fetola lipakeng tsa mesebetsi le lihlopha ka mokhoa o leka-lekaneng.

Re fumane hore ts'ebetso e fokolang ka mokhoa o fokolang pondigm ena e mengata e ne e amahanngoa le mokhoa o phahameng oa ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate Inthaneteng. Batho ba nang le tšekamelo ena ba atisa ho sebelisa kapa ho hlokomolohuoa ba sebetsang litšoantšong tsa bootsoa. Liphello li bontša hore tsamaiso e fokolisitsoeng ea taolo ea ts'ebetso ea ho etsa mesebetsi e mengata, ha e tobane le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​e ka tlatsetsa boitšoarong bo sa sebetseng le liphello tse mpe tse bakoang ke lithethefatsi tsa litaba tsa thobalano. Leha ho le joalo, batho ba nang le mekhoa e metle ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa ho kopanela liphate ho bonahala eka ba na le tšekamelo ea ho qoba kapa ho atamela boitsebiso bo litšila ba ho kopanela liphate, joalokaha ho buuoe ka mekhoa e susumetsang ea ho lemala.

21) Tlhahiso-morao Hamorao Meputso ea Thabo ea Hona Joale: Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Li Sebelisoa le ho lieha Ho Fumana (Negash et al., 2015) - [taolo ea bolaoli bo futsanehileng: teko ea ho etsa lintho] - Litlhaku tse ling:

Thuto ea 1: Barupeluoa ba qetile litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ba sebelisa lipotso le ho lieha ho fokotsa mosebetsi ka nako 1 'me hape hape libeke tse' nè hamorao. Barupeluoa ba tlaleha litšoantšo tsa bootsoa bo phahameng ba pele ba sebelisitse ho bonts'a tekanyo e fokolang ea ho fokotsa nako ea nako ho Time 2, ho laola bakeng sa ho fokotsa nako e khutšoanyane. Thuto ea 2: Barupeluoa ba neng ba itšireletsa litšoantšong tsa bootsoa ba sebelisa mokhoa o fokolang oa ho fokotseha ha nako ho feta barupeluoa ba neng ba qoba lijo tseo ba li ratang.

Litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tsa Inthanete ke moputso oa thobalano o tlatsetsang ho fokotsa ho fokotsa ho fapana le meputso e meng ea tlhaho, esita le ha tšebeliso e sa tsitellehe kapa e lemalla. Patlisiso ena e etsa monehelo oa bohlokoa, ho bontša hore phello e feta ka nakoana e tsositseng.

Ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho ka etsa hore motho a khotsofale ka potlako ka thobalano empa a ka ba le tšusumetso e fetisang le ho ama libaka tse ling tsa bophelo ba motho, haholo-holo likamano.

Seo se fumanang se bontša hore litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa Inthanete ke moputso oa thobalano o tlatsetsang ho fokotsa ho fokotsa ho fapana le meputso e meng ea tlhaho. Ka lebaka leo, ke habohlokoa ho tšoara litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro e le tšusumetso e ikhethang bakeng sa lithuto tsa boipheliso, ho hloka maikutlo, le ho lemalla lithethefatsi le ho sebelisa sena ka tsela e nepahetseng kalafo ka bomong hammoho le kamanong ea bona.

22) Ho khahloa ke thobalano le ho sebetsana ka katleho le ho se sebetse ho etsa hore ho be le ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka thobalano ho banna ba bong bo fapaneng (Laier et al., 2015) - [litakatso tse kholo / ts'oaetso] - Ntho e hlakileng:

Liphuputso tsa morao-rao li bontšitse botsoalle pakeng tsa ts'oaetso ea CyberSex Addiction (CA) le lits'oants'o tsa thabo ea thobalano, le hore ho sebetsana le boitšoaro bo bobe ba thobalano ho buisana le kamano pakeng tsa thabo ea thobalano le matšoao a CA. Sepheo sa thuto ena e ne e le ho leka ho phelisana ena ka mohlala oa banna ba bong bo tšoanang. Lipotso tse hlahlojoang matšoao a CA, ho utloisisa litakatso tsa thobalano, litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro li sebelisa tšusumetso, boitšoaro bo bobe ba likamano tsa botona le botšehali, matšoao a kelello, le boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate bophelong ba sebele le inthaneteng. Ho feta moo, barupeluoa ba ne ba shebella livideo tsa bootsoa 'me ba bontša hore ba tsosoa ka thobalano pele le ka mor'a video e hlahisa maikutlo. Liphello li ile tsa bontša likamano tse matla pakeng tsa matšoao a CA le matšoao a tsosang takatso ea thobalano le thabo ea thobalano, ho sebetsana le boitšoaro ba thobalano le matšoao a kelello. CA e ne e sa amahanngoa le boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate le nako ea ho sebelisa li-cybersex ka beke le beke. Ho sebetsana le mekhoa ea ho kopanela liphate ho arolelana kamano pakeng tsa thabo ea thobalano le CA. Liphello li tšoana le tse tlalehoang ka banna le basali ba bong bo fapaneng lithutong tsa nakong e fetileng 'me li tšohloa khahlanong le moelelo oa likhopolo-taba tsa CA, tse totobatsang karolo ea ts'ebeliso e nepahetseng le e mpe ka lebaka la tšebeliso ea litaba tsa Inthanete.

23) Karolo ea Phekolo ea Neuroinflammation ho Pathophysiology ea Hypersexual Disorder (Jokinen et al., 2016) - [ho se sebetse ha khatello ea kelello le ho foqoha ha pelo] - Phuputso ena e tlalehile maemo a phahameng a ho potoloha Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) ka ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ha e bapisoa le ho laola bophelo bo botle. Matšoao a phahameng a TNF (letšoao la ho ruruha) a fumanoe hape ho batho ba hlekefetsang haholo le liphoofolo tse nang le lithethefatsi (joala, heroin, meth). Ho ne ho e-na le likamano tse matla pakeng tsa litekanyetso tsa TNF le litekanyo tsa tekanyo ea ho kopanela bosodoma.

24) Boits'oaro ba ho kopanela liphate ka boomo: Prefrontal le Limbic Volume le Interactions (Schmidt et al., 2016) - [lipotoloho tse sa sebetsaneng tsa li-prefrontal le tlhokomeliso] - Ena ke thuto ea fMRI. Ha li bapisoa le litsamaiso tse phetseng hantle tsa CSB (batho ba lemaletseng litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea boitšoaro bo bobe) li eketsehile ka letsohong le letšehali la amygdala le ho fokotseha ho sebetsa ha li-amygdala le dorsolateral prefrontal cortex DLPFC. Khokahanyo e fokolang ea ts'ebetso pakeng tsa amygdala le prefrontal cortex e amanang le lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi. Ho nahanoa hore ho sebedise mafutsana ho fokotsa taolo ea prefrontal cortex ka lebaka la tšusumetso ea molekane ho kopanela boitšoarong bo lemalang. Phuputso ena e bontša hore chefo ea lithethefatsi e ka lebisa tlhokomelong e fokolang ea bohlooho 'me kahoo e fokotsa li-amygdala molumo mokhoeng oa lithethefatsi. Amygdala e lula e sebetsa nakong ea ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​haholo-holo nakong ea ho pepeseha ha thobalano. Mohlomong mokhoa o tsitsitseng oa ho kopanela liphate le ho phenyekolla le ho batla o lebisa phello e ikhethang ho amygdala ho basebelisi ba boikhathollo ba bootsoa. Ntle le moo, lilemo tse ngata tsa ho lemalla lit soant so tsa bootsoa le liphello tse bohloko haholo li sithabetsa - le cho imeloa kelellong kelellong ho amana le ho eketseha ha amygdala molumo. Thuto #16 ka holimo o fumane hore "batho ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate" ba na le khatello ea kelello e feteletseng. Na ho imeloa kelellong ho sa feleng ho amanang le ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate le ho kopanela liphate, hammoho le lisosa tse etsang hore ho kopanela liphate ho ikhethoe, ho na le molumo o moholo oa amygdala Tlhaloso:

Liphuputso tsa rona tsa morao-rao li totobatsa meqolo e phahameng sebakeng se kenyelletsoang ke botsitso bo susumetsang le boemo bo tlase ba ho phomola ho hokahanya ha li-prefrontal top-down control control control networks. Ho senyeha ha marang-rang a joalo ho ka 'na ha hlalosa mekhoa ea boits'oaro ea boitšoaro mabapi le moputso o sa tsitsitseng oa tikoloho kapa ts'ebeliso e matla ea ts'ebeliso e matla ho tse ling tse khothatsang. Le hoja lipatlisiso tsa rona tsa boipheliso li fapane le tsa SUD, liphuputso tsena li ka 'na tsa bontša phapang e le ho sebetsa ha liphello tsa meriana ea ho sebelisa lithethefatsi tse sa foleng. Bopaki bo hlahang bo bontša hore ho na le monyetla o moholo oa ho ts'oaetsoa ke ts'ebeliso ea lithethefatsi ka ho khetheha ho tšehetsa likhopolo tsa khothatso. Re bonts'itse hore ts'ebetso ena ea marang-rang ea bokhoni e ntlafatsoa ka mor'a ho pepesehela li-cues tse matla kapa tse khethiloeng ka ho kopanela liphate [Brand et al., 2016;; Seok le Sohn, 2015;; Voon et al., 2014] hammoho le ho ba le mekhoa e metle ea ho ela hloko [Mechelmans et al., 2014] 'me u lakatse ka ho khetheha ka thobalano empa e se takatso ea ho kopanela liphate ka botlalo [Brand et al., 2016;; Voon et al., 2014]. Tlhokomelo e ntlafetseng litabeng tsa ho kopanela liphate e amahanngoa haholo le khetho ea liketso tsa thobalano, e leng se tiisang kamano pakeng tsa boemo ba ho kopanela liphate le ho ba le boiketlo [Banca et al., 2016]. Liphuputso tsena tsa mosebetsi o ntlafetseng tse amanang le likamano tsa ho kopanela liphate li fapane le tsa phello (kapa ts'ebetso e sa lumellaneng) eo ho eona mokhoa o ntlafetseng, mohlomong o lumellanang le khopolo ea ho mamella, ho eketsa khetho ea likhang tsa thobalano [Banca et al., 2016]. Hammoho tsena li fumanoa li thusa ho utloisisa hore na ho na le phekolo ea mofuta ofe ea motheo ea boloetse ba boloetse ba kokoana-hloko ea CSB e lebisang kutloisisong e kholo ea boloetse le ho tsebahatsa mekhoa ea phekolo ea meriana.

25) Ketsahalo ea Ventral Striatum Ha ho Shebella Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tse Ikhethang li Hlahlobisoa ke Matšoao a Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa ba Inthanete (Brand et al., 2016) - [ts'ebetso e kholo ea ts'ebetso / ts'oaetso] - Phuputso ea Jeremane ea fMRI. Ho fumana #1: Ketsahalo ea setsi sa moputso (ventral striatum) e ne e phahametse litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse khethiloeng. Ho fumana #2: Ventral striatum reactivity e amanang le marang-rang a ho lemalla thobalano. Liphuputso tsena ka bobeli li bontša ho hlokomelisa le ho lumellana le mokhoa oa ho lemala. Bangoli ba bolela hore "Nako ea Neural ea ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho Internet e tšoana le lithethefatsi tse ling." Tlhaloso ea sehlooho:

Mofuta o mong oa ho lemalla lithethefatsi ke ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ea boitšoaro bo bobe, tseo hape ho thoeng ke ho lemalla boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho Internet kapa ho Internet. Liphuputso tse entsoeng ka mahlaseli a maiketsetso li fumanoe lipapaling tsa baithaopi ha barupeluoa ba shebeletse maikutlo a hlakileng a ho kopanela liphate ha ba bapisoa le boitsebiso bo sa hlakileng ba ho kopanela liphate le litaba tsa bokooa Hona joale re na le maikutlo a hore lipapali tsa bootsoa li lokela ho arabela litšoantšong tsa bootsoa ha li bapisoa le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tse sa khethoeng le hore mosebetsi oa ventral striatum ka phapang ena o lokela ho amana le matšoao a ikhethileng a ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Re ile ra ithuta barupeluoa ba 19 ba bong bo fapaneng le setšoantšo sa paradigm ho akarelletsa le boitsebiso bo bong bo hlephileng ba bootsoa bo sa khethiloeng.

Litšoantšo tse tsoang mokhatlong o khethiloeng li ne li nkoa e le tse ling tse tsosang, tse sa thabiseng, le tse haufi le tse ntle. Karabo ea sekhahla sa Ventral e ne e le matla bakeng sa maemo a khethiloeng a bapisoa le litšoantšo tse sa khethoeng. Mesebetsi ea thibelo ea Ventral e fapaneng le eona e ne e amana le matšoao a boitsebiso ba ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Inthaneteng. Boikokobetso bo ikhethang bo ne bo boetse e le boitsebiso bo bolelang feela bo hlakileng boemong ba ho hlahlojoa ka matla ka boipheliso bo lekaneng le ho ba le matšoao a itekanetseng a ho lemalla litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba Inthaneteng, boithabiso bo tloaelehileng ba ho kopanela liphate, boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate, ho tetebela maikutlong, kutloisiso ea batho ba bang, le boitšoaro ba thobalano matsatsing a ho qetela . Liphetho li tšehetsa karolo ea sebopeho sa ventral ha ho etsoa moputso tebello le ho khotsofatsoa ho kopantsoeng le boitsebiso bo hlephileng ba bootsoa bo ikhethang. Mekhoa ea moputso tebello ea tlhahiso ea li-ventral e ka tlatsetsa tlhaloso ea neural ea hore na ke hobane'ng ha batho ba nang le litakatso tse itseng le maikutlo a ho kopanela liphate ba kotsing ea ho lahleheloa ke taolo ea bona ea litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.

26) Boemo ba ho ba le takatso ea ho ba le takatso ea ho ba le takatso ea ho ba le takatso ea ho ba le takatso ea ho kopanela liphate (Neural Connectivity)Klucken et al., 2016) - [ts'ebetso e kholo ea ts'ebetso / ts'ebetso le li-circuits tse sa sebetseng] - Puisano ena ea Sejeremane ea fMRI e hlalositse lithuto tse peli tse kholo Voon et al., 2014 'me Kuhn & Gallinat 2014. Liphetho tse ka sehloohong: Li-corralate tsa neural tse sebetsanang le boemo ba ho khotsofatsa le li-neural connectivity li fetotsoe sehlopheng sa CSB. Ho ea ka babatlisisi, phetoho ea pele - ts'ebetso e matlafalitsoeng ea amygdala - e ka 'na ea bontša boemo bo hlophisitsoeng (e leng "mohala o moholo" ho batho ba neng ba sa nke lehlakore pele ba bolela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa). Phetoho ea bobeli - e fokotsehile ho hokahanya pakeng tsa ventral striatum le prefrontal cortex - e ka ba letšoao la ho sitoa ho laola maikutlo. Bafuputsi ba re, "[Liphetoho tsena] li lumellana le lithuto tse ling tse batlisisang li-neural correlates tsa mathata a ho lemalla ho lemalla ho lemalla ho lemalla ho lemala le ho laola maikutlo a ho laola maikutlo.ho hlohlelletsa) le ho fokotsa ho hokahanya pakeng tsa setsi sa moputso le prefrontal cortex (boikaketsi) ke liphetoho tse peli tsa boko bo boholo bo bonoang ho lemalla lithethefatsi. Ho phaella moo, 3 ea basebelisi ba ts'oaetso ba bootsoa ba 20 ba na le bothata ba "bothata ba ho fokotsa" orgasmic-erection ". Tlhaloso:

Ka kakaretso, ho hlokometsoe mosebetsi oa amygdala o eketsehileng le ho fokotsa li-ventral-PFC ho fokotseha ka nako e tšoanang ho lumella likhopolo-taba mabapi le botumo le ho phekoloa ha CSB. Lihlooho tsa CSB li ne li bonahala li le bonolo haholo ho theha mekhatlo pakeng tsa likarolo tse sa nke lehlakore le likoetliso tse amanang le tikoloho. Ka hona, lihlooho tsena li ka 'na tsa kopana le maikutlo a etsang hore boitšoaro bo atamele. Ebang sena se lebisa ho CSB kapa ke phello ea CSB e tlameha ho arajoa ke lipatlisiso tse tlang. Ho phaella moo, mekhoa ea molao ea tsamaiso e sa sebetseng, e bontšoang ka ho fokotsa likamano tse fokolang tsa li-ventra-prefrontal, e ka tsoela pele ho ts'ehetsa ho boloka boitšoaro bo botle.

27) Ho qobelloa ho qobelloa ho sebelisoa hampe ha Meriana ea lithethefatsi le e sa sebeliseng lithethefatsi (Banca et al., 2016) - [ts'ebetso e kholo ea ts'ebetso / ts'ehetso, likhallelo tse ntlafalitsoeng] - Puisano ena ea Cambridge University fMRI e bapisa likarolo tsa ho qobelloa ke lino tse tahang, batho ba jang joala, libapali tsa lipapali tsa video le ba lemaletseng lithethefatsi (CSB). Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Ho fapana le mathata a mang, CSB ha e bapisoa le HV e bontšitse ka potlako tlatsetso bakeng sa liphello tsa moputso hammoho le mamello e kholo ho boemo ba moputso ho sa tsotellehe liphello. Lihlooho tsa CSB ha lia ka tsa bontša mathata leha e le afe a totobetseng a ho fetola kapa ho fetola ho ithuta. Liphuputso tsena li lumellana le liphuputso tsa rona tsa pele tsa khethollo e ntlafetseng bakeng sa mekhoa e amanang le thobalano kapa liphello tsa lichelete, ka kakaretso ho fana ka maikutlo a ho matlafatsa kutloisiso bakeng sa meputso (Banca et al., 2016). Liphuputso tse ling tse sebelisang meputso e babatsehang li bontšoa.

28) Ho lakatsa ka ho toba litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso le ho ithuta ka ho kopanela liphate ho bolela esale pele mekhoa ea ho itšireletsa ka ho kopanela liphate ka thobalano ka mohlala oa batho ba tloaetseng ho sebelisa li-cybersex (Snagkowski et al., 2016) - [ts'ebetso e kholo ea ho ts'oaea / ho hlohlelletsa, ho arabela likarabo tse ntlafalitsoeng] - Thuto ena e ikhethang e ile ea etsa hore ho be le libopeho tse sa jeleng paate, tse neng li bolela esale pele ponahalo ea bootsoa. Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Ha ho lumellane mabapi le litekanyetso tsa ho hlahloba lithethefatsi tsa ho kopanela liphate le ba bang ba inthaneteng. Ba bang ba atamela ho ngola lintho tse tšoanang le ho itšetlehile ka lits'ebetso tsa motsoako, tseo thuto ea boikhopotso e leng mokhoa oa bohlokoa. Phuputsong ena, banna ba 86 ba bong bo fapaneng ba ile ba qeta Standard Pavlovian ho ea ho Etsa Lintho tsa Boipiletso tse fetoletsoeng ka litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea bootsoa ho ea batlisisa thuto ea ho kopanela liphate ka ho lemalla lithethefatsi tsa li-cybersex. Ho phaella moo, takatso ea ho ipeha tlasa ka lebaka la ho sheba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa le mekhoa ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa thobalano e ile ea hlahlojoa. Liphello li bontšitse phello ea ho lakatsa ho ipeha kotsing ka mekhoa ea ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate ka litaba tsa ho kopanela liphate, e itekanetseng ke thuto ea metsoalle Ka kakaretso, liphuputso tsena li bua ka karolo ea bohlokoa ea thuto ea ho kopanela liphate bakeng sa nts'etsopele ea ho lemalla ho lemalla li-cybersex, ha e ntse e fane ka bopaki bo eketsehileng ba bopaki ba ho tšoana pakeng tsa ho itšetlehile ka lithethefatsi le ho lemalla lithethefatsi ka litaba tsa thobalano. Ka kakaretso, liphello tsa phuputso ea morao-rao li bontša hore thuto ea ho kopanya li ka 'na ea phetha karolo ea bohlokoa mabapi le tsoelo-pele ea ho lemalla li-cybersex. Liphuputso tsa rona li fana ka bopaki bo eketsehileng ba ho tšoana ho teng pakeng tsa ho lemalla li-cybersex le ho itšetleha ka lithethefatsi ho tloha ha tšusumetso ea takatso ea ho ipeha tlaase le thuto ea mahlahana e bontšitsoe.

29) Boikutlo bo fetohileng ka mor'a ho shebella litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro Inthaneteng bo amana le matšoao a Inthanete-litšoantšo tsa bootsoa-ho sheba bothata (Laier & Brand,2016) - [litakatso tse kholo / tlhokomeliso, ho sa rate hakaalo] - Litlhaku tse ling:

Liphello tse kholo tsa thuto ke hore mekhoa ea ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba Internet (IPD) e ne e amahanngoa le maikutlo a tloaelehileng, a tsohile, a bile a khobile matšoafo le hantle ka maikutlo a nahanang bophelong ba letsatsi le letsatsi le sepheo sa ho sebelisa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Inthaneteng ho batla ho tsosoa le ho qoba maikutlo. Ho feta moo, litloaelo tsa IPD li ne li amana hampe le maikutlo a pele pele le ka mor'a ho shebella litšoantšo tsa bootsoa tsa Inthanete hammoho le keketseho ea sebele ea boits'oaro le boikutlo bo khutsitseng. Kamano e teng pakeng tsa mekhoa e metle ea IPD le thabo e batlang ka lebaka la Inthanete-litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li ne li lekanyelitsoe ke ho hlahloba khotsofalo e nang le phihlelo. Ka kakaretso, liphello tsa thuto li lumellana le khopolo ea hore IPD e amana le sepheo sa ho fumana ho khotsofatsa ho kopanela liphate le ho qoba kapa ho sebetsana ka katleho le maikutlo a tsosang takatso hammoho le ka maikutlo a hore maikutlo a fetohang ho latela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li kopantsoe le IPD (Cooper et al., 1999 'me Laier le Brand, 2014).

30) Boits'oaro ba botona le botšehali bathong ba baholo: Mekhatlo ho pholletsa le mefuta e fapaneng ea lik'hamphani, mekhoa ea ho itšoara le ea maikutlo (2016) - [bofutsana bo sebetsang boemong bo botle] - Batho ba nang le bothata ba ho kopanela liphate ka bothata ba botona kapa botšehali (PSB) ba ile ba bontša mefokolo e mengata ea kutloisiso ea maikutlo. Liphuputso tsena li bontša bofutsana e sebetsang ka katleho (boikaketsi) e leng tšobotsi ea boko bo ka sehloohong e hlahelang lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi. Litlhaloso tse 'maloa:

E 'ngoe e ikhethang e bakoang ke tlhahlobo ena ke hore PSB e bonts'a mekhatlo e mengata e nang le lintlha tse ngata tse sa pheleng, tse kenyeletsang ho itšepa ho fokolang, boleng bo fokolang ba bophelo, bonyane ba BMI, le litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa mathata a mangata ...

... hape ho ka etsahala hore likarolo tsa kliniki tse khethiloeng sehlopheng sa PSB li hlile li bakoa ke phapang ea thuto e phahameng e hlahisang PSB le lisebelisoa tse ling tsa kliniki. Ntho e ka 'nang ea e-ba eona e tlatsetsang karolo ena e ka ba litšenyehelo tsa tšohanyetso tse fumanoang sehlopheng sa PSB, haholo-holo tse amanang le ho sebetsa mohopolong, ho se ts'oanelehe / ho laola maikutlo le ho etsa liqeto. Ho latela litšoantšo tsena, hoa khoneha ho latisa mathata a hlahang ho PSB le likarolo tse eketsehileng tsa kliniki, tse kang ho senyeha maikutlo maikutlong, ho senyeha ho itseng ho tsebo ...

Haeba mathata a ho nahanisisa a hlalositsoeng tlhahisoleseding ena ke ha e le hantle karolo ea mantlha ea PSB, sena se ka 'na sa e-ba le litlhaloso tse kholo tsa kliniki.

31) Methylation ea HPA Axis Matšoao a amanang le banna ka Hypersexual Disorder (Jokinen et al., 2017) - [ho se sebetse ha khatello ea kelello, liphetoho tsa epigenetic] - Ena ke ho latela #16 ka holimo e leng ho fumanoang hore lithethefatsi tsa batho ba kopanelang liphate li na le mekhoa ea khatello ea kelello e sa sebetseng - phetoho e kholo ea phetoho e bakoang ke ho lemalla. Phuputso ea morao-rao e fumane liphetoho tsa epigenetic liphatseng tsa lefutso tse kenang mofuteng oa khatello ea motho le ho amana haufi le ho lemala. Ka liphetoho tsa epigenetic, ho latellana ha DNA ha ho fetoloe (joalokaha ho etsahala ka phetoho ea maikutlo). Ho e-na le hoo, liphatsa tsa lefutso li ngotsoe 'me polelo ea eona e nyoloha kapa e theoha (video e khutšoanyane e hlalosang epigenetics). Liphetoho tsa epigenetic tse tlalehiloeng thuputsong ena li entse hore ho fetoloe mosebetsi oa liphatsa tsa lefutso la CRF. CRF ke neurotransmitter le hormone e khanna boitšoaro bo hlephileng tse kang litakatso, 'me ke sebapali se seholo ka matšoao a mangata a ho tlohela a amanang le 'ona lisebelisoa 'me boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba boitšoaro, ho kenyelletswa le ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate.

32) Ho hlahloba kamano pakeng tsa ho qobelloa ho kopanela liphate le ho nyenyefatsoa ka litaba tsa thobalano ho sehlopha sa batho ba kopanelang liphate (Albery le al., 2017) - [ts'ebetso e kholo ea ts'ebetso / ts'ebetso, ts'oaetso] - Phatlalatso ena e hlalosa liphihlelo tsa thuto ena ea 2014 Cambridge University, e neng e bapisa lehloeo la ho shebella litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba litšoantšo tse hlephisang boitšoaro. Mona ke ntho e ncha: Thuto e amana le "lilemo tsa ho kopanela liphate" le 1) litekanyetso tsa ho lemalla thobalano le 2) liphetho tsa mosebetsi oa boiketlo. Har'a batho ba neng ba shebile ho lemalla ho kopanela liphate, lilemo tse fokolang tsa boiphihlelo ba thobalano li amana le ho rata maemo a mangata (tlhaloso ea khethollo). Ka lebaka leo ho qobella ho kopanela liphate ho phahameng ho feta lilemo tse 'maloa tsa phihlelo ea ho kopanela liphate = matšoao a maholo a ho lemala (ho ba le mekhoa e mengata ea ho tsuba kapa ho sitisa). Empa ho ba le mekhoa e meholo ho fokotseha ka matla ho basebelisi ba qobelloang, 'me ho nyamela ka palo e phahameng ka ho fetisisa ea lilemo tsa thobalano. Bangoli ba ile ba etsa qeto ea hore sephetho sena se ka bontša hore lilemo tse ngata tsa "ho kopanela liphate ka ho qobella" li etsa hore motho a tloaele ho phela kapa a ferekane ka mokhoa o tloaelehileng oa ho khahlisoa ke menyaka. Tlhaloso ea sephetho:

Tlhaloso e ka 'nang ea etsahala bakeng sa liphello tsena ke hore ha motho ea kopanelang liphate a kopanela boitšoarong bo bongata ba ho qobella, tempele e tsosolositsoeng e tsoala [36-38] le hore ha nako e ntse e feta, boitšoaro bo feteletseng bo hlokeha bakeng sa boemo bo tšoanang ba ho tsosoa. Ho tsoela pele ho pheha khang ea hore ha motho a e-na le boitšoaro bo bongata ba ho qobella, litsela tsa mokokotlo li fetoha leeme ho feta tse 'tloaelehileng' tsa ho kopanela liphate kapa litšoantšo le batho ka bomong ba fetela hohle 'ho feteletseng' ho susumetsa ho tsosoa ha maikutlo. Sena se lumellana le mosebetsi o bontšang hore banna ba phelang hantle 'meleng ba tloaetse ho ba le maikutlo a hlakileng ka mor'a nako le hore tloaelo ena e khetholloa ka ho fokotseha ho tsosoa le likhatello tsa maikutlo [39]. Sena se fana ka maikutlo a hore barupeluoa ba bangata ba iketselitseng likamano tsa botona le botšehali ba fetohile 'ba fokolang' kapa ba sa tsotellane le mantsoe a "tloaelehileng" a amanang le thobalano a sebelisitsoeng thutong ea hona joale 'me ka mokhoa ona ho fokotsa ho hloka tlhokomelo, ha ba nang le ts'oaetso e ngata le tsebo e fokolang ba ntse ba bontša phapang hobane taba e hlahelletseng e bonahatsa ts'oaetso e matlafalitsoeng haholoanyane.

33) Tšebeliso e sebetsang ea banna ba qobelloang ho kopanela liphate le ba sa kopaneleng liphate Pele le ka mor'a ho shebella video ea Erotic (Messina et al., 2017) - [bohloki bo bobebe bo sebetsang, litakatso tse matla / tlhokomeliso] - Ho pepesa maikutlo ho litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ho amme batsamaisi ba sebetsang ho banna ba nang le "boitšoaro bo bobe ba ho kopanela liphate," empa ba sa laole bophelo bo botle. Mookameli ea futsanehileng ea sebetsang ha a pepesehetse lits'ebeletso tse amanang le lithethefatsi ke letšoao la mathata a litšila (ho bonts'a bobeli ho fetoloa lipotoloho tsa prefrontal 'me ho hlohlelletsa). Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Tlhaloso ena e bontša hore ho na le mekhoa e metle ea ho ba le tsebo ka mor'a ho kopanela liphate ka litekanyetso ho bapisoa le barupeluoa ba qobellang ho kopanela liphate. Ts'ehetso ea litaba tsena e tšehetsa khopolo ea hore banna ba kopanelang liphate ba se ke ba sebelisa monyetla oa ho ithuta ho tsoa phihlelo, e leng se ka etsang hore ho ntlafatsoe boitšoaro bo ntlafetseng. Hape sena se ka utloisisoa e le ho se be le phello ea thuto ka sehlopha sa likamano tsa botona le botšehali ha ba ne ba tsosoa ka thobalano, ho tšoana le se etsahalang nakong ea ts'oaetso ea thobalano, e qalang ka palo e ntseng e eketseha ea ho lemoha thobalano, e lateloa ke ts'ebetsong ea thobalano litokomane le ho hlahisa maikutlo, hangata ho amanang le ho hlaheloa ke maemo a kotsi.

34) Na Litšoantšo Tsa Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa li ka ba Tsa Lematsa? Thuto ea fMRI ea Batho ba Batlang Phekolo ea Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Tse Sebelisang Litšoantšo Tsa Bootsoa Sebelisa (Gola et al., 2017) - [ts'ebetso e kholo ea ts'ebetso / ts'ebetso, ho arabela likarabo tse matlafalitsoeng] - Tlhahlobo ea fMRI e amanang le sekhetho se ikhethileng sa mahlakore a se nang lehlakore se bolelang hore ho na le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Batho ba nang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa ba bile ba se na mathata (PPU) ba fapane ka tsela eo ba bonang litšoantšo ka eona, empa ha ba itšoare ka litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso, ka tsela e lumellanang le ho khothalletsa khopolo ea ho hloka taolo. Ts'ebetso ena ea boko e ne e tsamaea le boikutlo bo eketsehileng ba boits'oaro ba ho sheba litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso (ho 'batla' holimo). Tlhahiso-pele ea ho hlasela ha li-ventral bakeng sa ho tseba litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso e ne e amana haholo le matla a PPU, palo ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro tse sebelisoang beke le palo ea ho ipholla litho tsa beke le beke. Liphuputso tsa rona li fana ka maikutlo a hore joaloka tšebeliso ea lithethefatsi le papali ea chelete ho senyeha mekhoa ea neural le ea boitšoaro e amanang le ts'ebeliso ea ts'ebetso ea lits'ebeletso e amana le bohlokoa ho likarolo tse sebetsang tsa PPU. Liphuputso tsena li fana ka maikutlo a hore PPU e ka 'na ea emela ho lemalla boitšoaro le hore mehato e thusang ho lebisa tlhokomelo ea boitšoaro le lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi ho nahana ka ho fetola le ho sebelisa ho thusa banna ba nang le PPU.

35) Mekhoa ea ho hlokomeleha le e sa hlokomelehang ea maikutlo: Na e khathatsa ka nako e telele ea bootsoa Sebelisa? (Kunaharan et al., 2017) - [habituation kapa desensitization] - Thuto e hlahlojoa likarabo tsa basebeletsi ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (litlhahiso tsa EEG & Qala ea Qala) ho litšoantšo tse sa tšoaneng tsa maikutlo-tse kenyelletsang ho etsa lintho. Phuputso ena e ile ea fumana phapang e 'maloa ea methapo ea maikutlo pakeng tsa basebelisi ba litšoantšo tse nyenyane tsa bootsoa le basebelisi ba phahameng ba litšoantšo tsa bootsoa Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Liphuputso li bontša hore ho eketseha ha litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho bonahala eka ho na le tšusumetso ho likarabo tsa boko tse sa tsebeng ho ba le tšusumetso ea maikutlo e sa bontšoang ka tlaleho e hlakileng ea boipiletso.

4.1. Litlhaloso tse hlakileng: Ho thahasellisang, sehlopha se phahameng sa tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso ea boitšoaro bo bobe se ile sa lekanya litšoantšo tsa bootsoa e le tse sa thabiseng ho feta sehlopha se sebelisoang. Bangoli ba fana ka maikutlo a hore sena se ka 'na sa bakoa ke tlhaho e "bonolo" ea "litšoantšo" tse nang le setšoantšo sa IAPS se sa faneng ka mokhoa oa ho susumetsa seo ba ka se batlang, joalokaha o bontšitsoe ke Harper le Hodgins [58] hore ka ho shebella hangata litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​hangata batho ba bangata ba eketseha ka ho sheba boitsebiso bo matla haholo ho boloka boemo bo tšoanang ba ho tsosoa ha 'mele. Sehlopha sa "maikutlo a monate" se ile sa fumana likarolo tsa li-valence tsa lihlopha tse tharo tse batlang li lekana le sehlopha se phahameng sa lihlopha ho sheba litšoantšo e le ntho e sa thabiseng ka ho fetisisa ho feta lihlopha tse ling. Sena se ka boela sa bakoa ke litšoantšo tse "thabisang" tse hlahisitsoeng e sa ba susumetsang ka ho lekana bakeng sa batho ba sehlopha se phahameng. Liphuputso li 'nile tsa bontša hore ho na le mokhoa o fokolang oa phekolo ho latela mokhoa oa ho khotsofatsa ka lebaka la tloaelo ea batho ba atisang ho batla boitsebiso ba bootsoa [3, 7, 8]. Ke litsebi tsa bangoli hore sena se ka 'na sa ikarabella bakeng sa liphetho tse boletsoeng.

4.3. Setlexe Reflex Modulation (SRM): Lebelo le phahameng la amplitude startle effect le sebelisoang lihlopheng tse tlase le tse bohareng tsa tšebeliso ea bootsoa li ka hlalosoa ke ba sehlopheng ba ikemiselitseng ho qoba tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tse manyala tse hlephisang boitšoaro, kaha ba ka fumana e le ntho e sa thabiseng. Ntle le moo, liphello tse fumanoang li ka 'na tsa e-ba teng ka lebaka la tloaelo ea ho tloaela batho, moo batho ba lihlopheng tsena ba shebelang litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso ho feta kamoo ba bo boletseng ka ho hlaka-mohlomong ka lebaka la ho hlajoa ke lihlong har'a batho ba bang,41, 42].

36) Ho ipapisa le thobalano ea ho kopanela liphate ho etsa hore ho be le likhaello tse eketsehileng tse lebisang tlhokomelo e ntseng e eketseha ha ho etsoa litlokotsi tsa Cyber ​​har'a batho (Cheng & Chiou, 2017) - ho sebetsa ka mokhoa o bobebe, ho hloka boithati - ho leka ho etsa lintho tse ling] - Liphuputso tse peli tse pepeneneng le ts'oaetso ea ho kopanela liphate e hlahisitsoeng ke: 1) ho lieha ho fokotsa ts'oaetso (ho sitoa ho lieha ho khotsofatsa), 2) kholo e kholo ea ho kenella ts'ebetsong ea bongata, 3) tšekamelo ea ho reka thepa ea maiketsetso le ho senya akhaonto ea motho ea Facebook. Ho kopanngoa sena ho bontša hore tšebeliso ea litšoantšo tse tsosang takatso e eketsa ts'oaetso 'me e ka fokotsa mesebetsi e meng ea bolaoli (boits'oaro, kahlolo, liphello tse bonang pele, ho laola maikutlo). Tlhaloso:

Batho ba atisa ho kopana le maikutlo a ho kopanela liphate nakong ea tšebeliso ea Inthanete. Lipatlisiso li bontšitse hore tšusumetso e matlafatsang takatso ea ho kopanela liphate e ka lebisa tlhokomelo e kholo ho banna, joalokaha e bonahalitsoe ka ho fokotsa nako ea nakoana (e leng, tloaelo ea ho khetha tse nyenyane, tse fumanoang ka potlako ho tse khōloanyane, nakong e tlang).

Qetellong, liphello tsa morao-rao li bonts'a setsoalle pakeng tsa litakatso tsa botona le botšehali (mohlala, ho pepesehela litšoantšo tsa basali ba ts'oarelo kapa liaparo tse tsosang takatso ea ho kopanela liphate) le ho kenya letsoho ha banna mokhoeng oa tlhekefetso ea cyber. Seo re se fumaneng se fana ka maikutlo a hore ho se tsitsisehe ha banna le boits'oaro, joalo ka ha bo bonahatsoa ka ho theoleloa ha nakoana, ho ka etsahala hore ba hlōlehe ho tobana le tšusumetso ea thobalano e tloaelehileng. Banna ba ka rua molemo ka ho hlahloba hore na ho pepeseha tšusumetso ea thobalano ho amahanngoa le khetho ea bona ea boitšoaro bo bobe. Seo re se fumaneng se fana ka maikutlo a hore ho kopanela litabeng tsa thobalano ho ka etsa hore banna ba theohe tseleng ea tlhekefetso ea cyber

Liphetho tsa morao-rao li bontša hore ho fumaneha ha maemo a ho kopanela liphate mocheng oa marang-rang ho ka ba le kamano e haufi haholo le boitšoaro ba banna ba tlōlo ea molao ho feta kamoo ho neng ho nahanoa kateng pele.

37) Li-predictors bakeng sa (Bothata) Tšebeliso ea Inthanete Tšusumetso ea ho kopanela liphate: Karolo ea Boits'oaro bo kopanetsoeng ka thobalano le Tsela e totobetseng Tendencies ho Litaba tsa ho Kopanela liphate (Stark et al., 2017) - [ho tseba ho hongata ho matlafatsa / ho hlohlelletsa / litakatso] - Litlhaku tse latelang:

Phuputso ea morao tjena e ile ea batlisisa hore na tšusumetso ea thobalano le mekhoa ea ho kopanela liphate ke mekhoa e metle ea hore na SEM e sebelisoe joang le hore na letsatsi le leng le le leng le qeta ho shebella SEM. Ka teko ea boitšoaro, re sebelisitse Tsela ea ho Qoba ho Abela (AAT) bakeng sa ho lekanya mekhoa e metle ea litloaelo tsa thobalano. Tšebelisano e ntle pakeng tsa mekhoa e metle ea SEM le letsatsi le leng le le leng le sebelisitsoeng ho shebella SEM li ka hlalosoa ka liphello tse lebisang tlhokomelo: Tloaelo e hlakileng ea mokhoa o ka hlalosoang e le khethollo ea bohlokoa ho SEM. Sehlooho se nang le khethollo ena e ka 'na ea khahloa ke ho kopanela liphate Inthaneteng se hlahisang nako e ngata e sebelisitsoeng ho SEM.

38) Litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso Tšoaetso e thehiloeng Neurophysiological Computational Approach (2018) - Tlhaloso:

Leqepheng lena, mokhoa oa ho sebelisa letšoao la bokooa o tsoang sebakeng se ka pele o hapuoe ho sebelisa EEG o hlophisitsoe ho lemoha hore na morupeluoa a ka ba le lithethefatsi tsa thobalano kapa ho seng joalo. E sebetsa joaloka mokhoa o tlatsitseng oa lipotso tsa maikutlo a tloaelehileng a kelello. Liphello tsa liteko li bontša hore barupeluoa ba nang le mekhoa e metle ba ne ba e-na le maqhubu a tlaase a alpha sebakeng sa boko bo ka pele ho bapisoa le barupeluoa bao e seng ba lemaletseng. E ka bonoa ho sebelisoa matla a mahlaseli a sebelisoang ka "Low Resolution Electromagnetic Tomography" (LORETA). Sehlopha sa theta se boetse se bontša hore ho na le phapang pakeng tsa ba lemalloang le ba sa lemaletseng. Leha ho le joalo, phapang ha e hlahe joaloka alpha band.

39) Boitsebiso bo bobe ba taba le ho fetola boemo ba ho phomola ha boemo boemong bo phahameng ba gyrus har'a batho ba nang le boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate (2018) - Ho fokotsa maikutlo a bohloeki ka morong oa nakoana, ho se hokae ho sebetsa pakeng tsa cortex ea nakoana le precuneus & caudate] - Phuputso ea fMRI e bapisa ka hloko batho ba lemaletseng ho kopanela liphate ("boitšoaro bo hlephileng ba ho kopanela liphate") lihloohong tse laoloang. Ho bapisoa le taolo ea bohloeki ba ho kopanela liphate e ne e e-na le: 1) e fokotsitse taba e bohlooho ho lobes ea nakoana (libaka tse amanang le ho thibela ho kopanela liphate); 2) e fokotsoe ka nako e lekaneng ho ea ho e-na le lik'hamphani tsa nakoana (e ka 'na ea bontša ho se tloaelehe ho khona ho fetisa tlhokomelo); 3) e fokotsoe ho fokotsa nako ea nakoana e sebetsang hantle (e ka thibela ho laola ho hoholo ha maikutlo). Litlhaloso tse latelang:

Liphuputso tsena li fana ka maikutlo a hore mekhoa ea moralo ea liphatsa tsa lefutso le mekhoa e tobileng ea ho sebetsa pakeng tsa gyrus ea nakoana le libaka tse itseng (ke hore, precuneus le caudate) e ka tlatsetsa ho ferekanyang ho thibelang ho kopanela liphate ho batho ba nang le PHB. Ka hona, liphetho tsena li bontša hore liphetoho tseboang le mokhoa o sebetsang ka har'a gyrus ea nakoana e ka 'na ea e-ba lintlha tse khethehileng tsa PHB' me e ka 'na ea e-ba batlatsi ba li-biomarker bakeng sa ho fumanoa ke PHB.

Grey taba ea ho atolosoa ka mahlahahlaha a nepahetseng a cerebellar le ho hokahanya ha marotholi a letšoao la cerebellar le STG tse setseng li ne li boetse li hlokomeloa .... Ka lebaka leo, ho ka etsahala hore ho eketseha ha bohlooho ho hongata le ho sebetsana le ts'ebetso ea cerebellum ho amana le boitšoaro bo qobelloang ho batho ba nang le PHB.

Ka bokhutšoanyane, lenaneo la VBM le ts'ebetso ea ho ikopanya le ts'ebetso e bonts'itse bofokoli ba taba le ho fetoloa khokahanyo ea ts'ebetso ho gyrus ea nakoana har'a batho ba nang le PHB. Habohlokoa le ho feta, mohaho o fokotsehileng le ho sebetsa ha tsona o ne o sa tsamaisane le matla a PHB. Liphuputso tsena li fane ka lintlha tse ncha mabapi le mekhoa e meholo ea li-neural ea PHB.

40) Mekhoa e metle ea ho sheba Inthaneteng-litšoantšo tsa bootsoa-sebelisa bothata: Ho fapana ho banna le basali mabapi le ho hlokomoloha litšoantšo tse litšila tse tsosang takatso (2018) - [ho ba le ts'ebetso e kholoanyane ea ts'ebetso / ts'ehetso, litakatso tse ntlafetseng]. Litlhaloso tse hlahang

Bangoli ba 'maloa ba nka Inthanete-litšoantšo tsa bootsoa-li sebelisa bothata (IPD) e le lefu la ho lemala. E 'ngoe ea lits'ebetso tse' nileng tsa ithutoa ka matla ka litsebo tsa lithethefatsi le tse sa sebeliseng lithethefatsi ke ts'ebeliso e tsitsitseng ea ho lebisa tlhokomelo e amanang le lithethefatsi. Tlhokomeliso ea tlhokomelo e hlalosoa e le mokhoa oa ho nahanisisa oa maikutlo a motho ka mong o amehang ke lits'ebeletso tse amanang le lithethefatsi tse bakoang ke boikutlo bo matla ba ho khothalletsa batho hore ba se ke ba ba le eona. Ho nahanoa ka mekhoa ea I-PACE eo ka eona batho ba ka khonang ho hlahisa matšoao a IPD ka litsela tse hlakileng hammoho le cue-reactivity le takatso e hlaha le ho eketsa ts'ebetsong ea ts'oaetso. Ho etsa lipatlisiso ka karolo ea ho hlokomoloha ho hongata ho nts'etsopele ea IPD, re ile ra etsa lipatlisiso ka sampuli ea batšoaruoa ba banna le basali ba 174. Boikarabello ba tlhokomelo bo ne bo lekanngoa le Visual Probe Task, moo barupeluoa ba neng ba lokela ho itšoara ka metsu e hlahang ka mor'a litšoantšo tsa bootsoa kapa tsa ho se nke lehlakore. Ho phaella moo, barupeluoa ba ne ba lokela ho bontša hore ba tsosoa takatso ea ho kopanela liphate ka lebaka la litšoantšo tsa bootsoa. Ho feta moo, mekhoa ea IPD e ne e lekanyelitsoe ho sebelisa e le khutšoanyane-Internetsex Addiction Test. Liphello tsa phuputso ena li bontšitse kamano pakeng tsa khethollo ea boikhohomoso le matšoao a matšoao a IPD ka mofuthu lipakeng tsa lipontšo tsa cue-reactivity le takatso. Le hoja banna le basali ba atisa ho fapana ka linako tse ling ka lebaka la litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​tlhahlobo e tsitsitseng ea ho fetola maikutlo e senotse hore ho hlokomolohuoa hoa etsahala ntle le thobalano ho latela maemo a IPD. Liphello li tšehetsa likhopolo tse utloahalang tsa mekhoa ea I-PACE mabapi le matla a khothatsang a litsekisano tse amanang le lithethefatsi 'me li lumellana le lithuto tse sebetsanang le ho fokotsa ho ts'oaroa le ho lakatsa ho ba le mathata a sebelisoang ke lithethefatsi.

Hammoho tsena lithuto tsa methapo ea pelo li fumanoe:

  1. Boko bo boholo bo amanang le lithethefatsi ba 3 bo fetoha: ho hlohlelletsa, ho hloka boithati, 'me boikaketsi.
  2. Litšoantšo tse ling tsa litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le tsa bootsoa lia kopana le taba e se nang bohlooho potolohong ea moputso (dorsal striatum).
  3. Litšoantšo tse ling tsa litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšebeliso tsa bootsoa li tsamaisana hantle le ho ba le moputso o monyenyane oa tšebeliso ea potoloho ha ho sheba litšoantšo tsa thobalano ka bokhutšoanyane
  4. Litšebeliso tse ling tsa litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšebelisano tse hlephisang boitšoaro li sebelisana hantle le ho ferekanya li-neural connection pakeng tsa potoloho ea moputso le prefrontal cortex
  5. Batho ba lemaletseng lits'oaetso ba ne ba e-na le mosebetsi o moholo oa ho kopanela liphate, empa bokooa bo fokolang bo sebetsanang le tšusumetso e tloaelehileng (ho tsuba lithethefatsi).
  6. Litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le litšoantšo tsa bootsoa li amana le ho lieha ho fokotsa chelete (ho sitoa ho lieha ho khotsofatsa). Ena ke pontšo ea ho sebetsa ka mokhoa o bobebe.
  7. 60% ea lipapali tse hlephisang boitšoaro tse hlephileng tsa boitšoaro bo hlephileng tse hlahang thuputsong e le 'ngoe li ile tsa e-ba le ED kapa tlaase libido le balekane ba bona, empa eseng ka litšoantšo tsa bootsoa
  8. Ho ntlafatsa boiketlo ba tlhokomelo e bapisoa le basebelisi ba lithethefatsi. E bontša ho khothaletsoa (sehlahisoa sa DeltaFosb).
  9. Ho batla ho rata le ho lakatsa litšoantšo tsa bootsoa, ​​empa ha ho rate haholoanyane. Sena se lumellana le mokhoa o amohelehang oa tahi - khothatso ea ho khothatsa.
  10. Batho ba nang le boits'oaro ba bobebe ba na le boikhethelo bo bongata ba ho kopanela liphate empa boko ba bona bo potlakile ka mokhoa o potlakileng litšoantšong tsa thobalano. Ha e e-s'o ka e le teng.
  11. Bacha ba sebelisang litšoantšo tse ts'oanang le ba bang ka ho fetisisa ba e-na le reactivity e bakoang ke mohloli setsing sa moputso.
  12. EEG e phahameng (P300) e baloang ha basebeletsi ba litšoantšo ba bobebe ba pepesehela litšoantšo tsa bootsoa (tse etsahalang lits'etsong tse ling).
  13. Tlhokahalo e fokolang ea ho kopanela liphate le motho ea amanang le khopolo e kholo-ea ho fetola litšoantšo tsa bootsoa.
  14. Ho sebelisa litšoantšo tse ling tse hlephisang boitšoaro ho amana le litekanyo tse tlase tsa LPP ha u shebella lifoto tsa ho kopanela liphate ka bokhutšoanyane: e bontša tloaelo kapa ts'ebeliso ea boithati.
  15. Li-axis tse sa sebetsaneng tsa HPA le ho fetoloa lipotoloho tsa khatello ea kelello, tse hlahisoang ke lithethefatsi tsa lithethefatsi (le kholo e kholo ea amygdala, e amanang le khatello ea kelello e sa feleng).
  16. Liphetoho tsa Epigenetic liphatseng tsa lefutso tse kenang mohatsong oa batho le khatello ea maikutlo.
  17. Mefuta e phahameng ea Mokokotlo oa Necrosis Factor (TNF) - e leng hape e hlahelang ho sebelisa lithethefatsi hampe le ho lemalla lithethefatsi.
  18. Bofokoli boemong bo botala ba nakoana; ho hokahanngoa ho futsanehileng pakeng tsa mekhatlo ea nakoana le libaka tse ling tse 'maloa

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